Calico Sphynx Cat: Pictures, Care, Traits & Info


When people think about Sphynx cats, they often picture a completely hairless and tan-colored kitty. However, you may be surprised to learn that Sphynxes come in a wide array of colors. Sure, they don’t have the luxurious coats of other cat breeds, but the skin and tiny hairs that cover the Sphynx absolutely does display colors.

The calico coloration is one of the most beloved and highly sought-after in any cat breed, but especially the Sphynx. Read on to learn more about this cat’s history, formal recognition, and suitability as a pet.

Breed Overview

Colors:

Tri-colors (most often white, red, and black)

Suitable for:

Active families looking for a dog-like cat

Temperament:

Intelligent, sweet, loyal, active

The calico Sphynx is not a separate cat breed, as “calico” refers to a coloration pattern. A calico is any domestic cat breed that sports a tri-color coat. This coloration is rare in Sphynx, but it’s not entirely unheard of, though calico patterns are more commonly seen in breeds like the American or British Shorthair, Cornish Rex, and Maine Coons.

Calico Sphynx Characteristics

Energy

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A high-energy cat needs a lot of physical and mental stimulation to keep healthy and happy, while a low-energy cat needs minimal physical activity, but still needs mental stimulation. When choosing a cat, It’s important to ensure their energy levels match your lifestyle.

Trainability

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Cats that are easy-to-train are more willing and skilled at quickly learning prompts and actions with minimal training. Harder-to-train cats are usually more stubborn or aloof and require a bit more patience and practice.

Health

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Certain cat breeds are more prone to various genetic health problems, and some more than others. This doesn’t mean that every cat in those breeds will have these issues, but they do have an increased risk, so it’s important to understand and prepare for any additional needs they may require.

Lifespan

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Due to their size or potential genetic health issues of a specific breed, some cats have shorter lifespans than others. Proper nutrition, exercise, mental stimulation, and hygiene also play an important role in your cat’s lifespan and quality of life.

Sociability

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Some cat breeds are more social than others, both towards humans and other cats and animals. Cats that are more social have a tendency to rub up on strangers for scratches or jump on laps for cuddles, while cats that are less social shy away, hide, are more cautious, and even potentially aggressive. No matter the breed or gender, it’s important to socialize your cat and expose them to many different situations.

The Earliest Records of Calico Sphynx in History

Despite the breed name being a call back to ancient Egypt, the Sphynx cat is a relatively new cat breed. The first Sphynx kitties were born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the 1960s and were actually a complete accident.

In 1966, a Domestic Shorthair spontaneously gave birth to a hairless kitten named Prune. The owner knew immediately that Prune was unique thanks to the genetic mutation that saw to it he was born without fur. A mother-son cat breeding team adopted Prune and began collaborating with other breeders to develop what would eventually become the Sphynx breed.

Five Sphynx cats (two from Minnesota and three from Toronto) are the foundation stock for what was shaped into the modern Sphynx. All American and European Sphynx cats are descended from these five kitties.

calico sphynx cat
Image Credit: Kartinka, Shutterstock

How Calico Sphynx Gained Popularity

The first few Sphynx breeders didn’t fully understand genetics and faced many problems as they tried to grow the breed. Unfortunately, the genetic pool was limited, and many kittens sadly died as a result of these breeding efforts.

It didn’t take long for the general public to fall in love with the Sphynx once they learned all about the breed. Just ten or so years after the first Sphynx cat was born, their popularity took off. It’s not just the unique appearance that draws people to the breed; these kitties have fantastic personalities. They’re highly affectionate and people-oriented and are often considered to be the canines of the feline world.

Formal Recognition of Calico Sphynx

The Sphynx breed was recognized in the early 2000s by the three primary feline registries.

The Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) and the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognized the Sphynx in 2002. The International Cat Association (TICA) didn’t officially recognize Sphynx in 2005.

The CFA recognizes the breed in any and all colors and patterns in any combination, including four different calico colorings. Conversely, neither the TICA nor the FIFe breed standard mentions the “calico” coloration explicitly.

calico sphynx cat on the table
Image Credit: New Africa, Shutterstock

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Top 4 Unique Facts About the Calico Sphynx

1. Calico Sphynx are almost always females.

Cats with the classic calico coloring are almost always females because the gene responsible for the orange coloring is on the X chromosome. Males may occur, but they’re considered genetic anomalies.


2. The calico Sphynx is hairless due to a gene mutation.

The reason all Sphynx cats are born without hair is due to a mutation in the KRT71 gene. This mutation also affects other breeds, like the Selkirk Rex and Devon Rex, though in different ways. The KRT71 gene is responsible for keratinizing the hair follicle. In the case of the Sphynx, the mutation damages the hair structure.

calico Sphynx cat wearing sweater
Image Credit: New Africa, Shutterstock

3. The calico Sphynx can face skin problems.

While the hairlessness of the calico Sphynx is what draws people to them, it’s this lack of hair that makes them prone to skin issues. A cat’s fur typically acts as a protective barrier, and cats without this barrier may be prone to sunburn and even skin cancer. Additionally, Sphynx kittens may be prone to respiratory infections during their first few weeks of life.


4. There are different kinds of calico Sphynx cats.

According to the breed standards of the CFA, the calico Sphynx must be white with unbrindled patches of red and black. Their underparts must be predominantly white. Van calicos have the same white color with unbridled patches, though they’re confined to the cat’s extremities. Dilute calicos are primarily white with unbrindled patches of cream and blue, while Dilute van calicos have the same cream and blue coloring, only they’re confined to the extremities.

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Do Calico Sphynx Make Good Pets?

The calico Sphynx can make a fantastic pet. They are highly affectionate and friendly, making them a great addition to homes with children and other pets. They’re brilliant, so training them can be a fun and bond-forging endeavor for both the kitty and their caretakers.

They form close bonds with their humans akin to those fashioned in human-canine relationships. Many owners report that their Sphynx runs to the door to greet them when they get home from work and is stuck to their side like glue when they’re at home. While most people love the social and outgoing nature of the Sphynx, not everyone can keep up with their social demands.

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Conclusion

The calico Sphynx is a gorgeous cat with unique coloring that sets them apart from other Sphynx colorations. This beautiful coat is coupled with the fantastic traits the Sphynx cat is known for and loved for, such as their highly affectionate and friendly temperament.

However, folks looking to adopt a calico Sphynx should know that this patterning is relatively rare. This can make them highly sought after and, therefore, very expensive.


Featured Image Credit: Tina_photo, Shutterstock



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